Monday, 17 March 2014

I'm Impatient.



I’m impatient. I’m getting more and more fed up with the whole mess of autism attitudes ‘out there’, the entire public image of autism; the misconceptions, the distortions, the downright fallacies, the blind, unquestioned assumptions. There’s a part of me that wishes I could just sweep it all away, clear the decks, like someone swiping a table clear with a backhand - I’m that frustrated, because I am seeing more and more of the damage it’s doing. So many things are connected to this bad image of autism. Let me give just a sampling of that.

- The autism parents who see autism as a ‘tragedy’, and spend mega-bucks on all sorts of useless or downright dangerous treatments to their kids, many of which, if done to any other kid, would be deemed ‘abuse’. But hey, it’s okay to do this to autistic kids, because they’re not ‘properly human’, and it’s ‘for their own good’, to make them ‘normal’, which is a good thing, right?

- These same autism parents claiming that by giving those ‘treatments,’ they are ‘rescuing’ their children – the assumption being that just to be autistic means you are suffering – because autism is so terrible, a disease, a tragedy, a ‘thief’ of the ‘real’ child supposedly buried underneath, a home-wrecker, a burden, blah blah blah.

- Again, some of these same autism parents, who go on camera saying that they’d ‘get rid’ of the autism if they could, that they wish they had a ‘normal’ kid. Right in front of those kids. And all their ilk who don’t go on TV, but spend years telling their autistic kids anyway, in one way or another, that to be autistic is a Bad Thing.

- The ‘autism industry’, who cons those parents into spending those mega-bucks on those treatments, and by golly if that one doesn’t work, or that one or that one, oh look, here’s something even more weird and even more expensive, and if you don’t do it, you’re a bad parent, maybe even guilty of ‘abuse’. (Yes, really.)

- The young adult autistics (and some not-so-young ones) who think having autism means being ‘doomed’. Of course they hate their autism – who wouldn’t hate something that seems to have ‘ruined’ their lives? Some of these are of course (surprise, surprise) the now-adult children of the above parents.

- Yet other autism parents, who think that their autistic child should be allowed to do whatever they want, whenever they want, regardless of whether it impinges on other people or not, because “they don’t understand”, so there’s no point in setting limits on their behaviour, or disciplining them in any way.

- The special autism ‘schools’ or camps that spend more time repressing the kid’s autistic traits, punishing their stims, etc, often forcibly and harshly, than they do actually educating the kids or even getting to know them properly.

- The struggles autistics have in regular schools, and the teachers who seem afraid of them, the other kids who bully them or reject them, the lack of support, and then how they get tossed out because they’re ‘aggressive’ or ‘don’t follow the rules’.

- The adult autistics who also think that being autistic automatically means being miserable, like the one who, when tossed out of a Facebook group, told the moderator that if she wasn’t suffering and unhappy, then she “couldn’t really be” autistic!

- The high unemployment rate of those with autism, not just because we flub interviews, but because we get fired or leave because of the hostility and/or manipulations of co-workers and bosses.

- The hesitation and caginess many autistics who are employed have about ‘coming out’ as such, for fear of losing their jobs, or incurring hostility, misunderstandings, rejection or arms-length ‘sympathy’ from their co-workers/bosses.

- The hostility directed at many autistics from their own family members, who think we’re either ‘faking it’, or ‘could pull ourselves together if we tried’, or misconstrue our actions and words, or just use us as scapegoats for family tensions.

- The professionals who think they ‘know what autism is like’, so of course we “can’t be” autistic if we can talk well, have a partner and/or kids, hold down a job, etc.

- The family members and general public who also assume they ‘know what autism is like’, and so if someone says they’re autistic but they don’t seem to fit that mold, that person, they decide, must be ‘faking it’, ‘jumping on the latest bandwagon’, etc, etc.

 - The way the media beat up any story that involves any autistic or any person who even might be autistic committing a crime, as though to have autism/Aspergers means being intrinsically violent or criminal.

- The same media, who regularly trumpet yet another and even more bizarre ‘cause’ of autism, everything from motorways to older mothers to the Internet, as I recounted in a previous post.

- The researchers who, when they find a ‘difference’ between us and NTs, always assume that this represents a ‘lack’ or ‘deficiency’ or ‘pathology’ on our part. In their minds, NT= always good, and autistic = always bad.

I could go on, but you get the picture. It’s all connected. All, all, stemming from the concept of Big Bad Autism. Intrinsic to this is a whole bunch of totally incorrect and distorted ideas of what it means to have autism, what motivates our behaviour, etc, etc. To give just one example of this – our lack of eye contact. Experts decided that this is because we’re “not interested in other people”. BZZZZ. WRONG. We don’t make eye contact because we find it a) painful, b) invasive, c) irrelevant (because we don’t get the ‘messages’ we’re ‘supposed’ to get from it), and/or d) many of us find it difficult to look at and listen to people at the same time. So how, you might ask, did the ‘experts’ get it so wrong? Because. They. Never. ASKED. Us. They made an assumption, and the assumption became ‘Truth’, and that ‘Truth’ is still being faithfully repeated and perpetuated. This is but one example of why we demand nothing about us, without us.

It’s like the gay thing, in some ways. Once upon a time, gays and lesbians were also assumed to be ‘unhappy’, ‘twisted’, ‘scourge on society’, blah, blah, blah, too. We ‘had’ to be, because being gay was an ‘aberration’, right? A twisting of the ‘normal’ pattern, right? So ‘of course’ we were unhappy, etc, because we weren’t heterosexual, right? A similar story could be written for old attitudes to many other minority groups. Well the world has largely changed its ideas on them, due to various social movements, and by goddamn it’s going to have to change its ideas on autism too.

Because I’m sick of the whole thing. I want to throw it off, the way you throw off stifling covers on a hot night. The way we throw out clothes that don’t fit us. The way we rip up an old script that isn’t of any use to us anymore. Like that. Yeah, like that.

I know I can’t. But I want to. I’m so sick of what is. I want each and every autistic person to be seen as an individual, as a human being first and foremost, with the same needs – for respect, education, etc, as any other human being, albeit we have to do these things or get these things in our own way. Yes, there are broad similarities, many traits we have in common, but we are first and foremost human beings, not a ‘label’ or a ‘category’ or a ‘specimen’, though an autistic identity (as an aspie, HFA, whatever) must be taken into account as an essential part of that human being. I want people to see beyond the diagnosis and the labels to see what our real capabilities are – like the case of the autistic kid whose parents were told not to worry about teaching him to read and write, to focus instead on things like tying his shoes – and now he’s proved to be a young genius. I am certainly not claiming we’re all geniuses, and nor should we have to be, to be accepted, my point is that trying to pigeonhole us is actually doing both us and the world a disservice.

Because enough is enough is enough. It’s got to stop. Things have to change. The public image of autism is beyond overdue for a complete overhaul. So I’m impatient, I’m very, very impatient. And I like to think that I’m not the only one.

Friday, 14 March 2014

Some Advice for Younger Autistic Adults



In a post last year, I talked about how the number of younger autistics who are basically ‘sitting around doing nothing’ appalled me (and not only me). More recently, I listened as an aspie friend of mine and a young autistic woman talked. My friend was asking the young woman what she was doing with her life, and she kept saying “Well, I can’t do this, I can’t do that”. After she left the room, my friend commented “I’ve heard a lot about what ____ can’t do, but I’d like to hear her say what she can do”.

Such attitudes are, I believe, the result of young autistics growing up receiving negative messages about autism (communicated openly or not) from those around them. Some have had years of ‘special’ education and ‘treatments’ and being told or having it assumed what they “can’t” do, rather than being encouraged to explore what they can do. Others are newer diagnosed, but still accept the ‘doom and gloom’ image of autism. They’ve all come to believe that being autistic is an affliction that will ‘ruin’ or at least constrict their lives. In consequence, it’s like they give up on life before they’ve even started.

We older autistics have a certain advantage here – going through life without the benefit (or drawback) of a diagnosis, we were simply expected to get on with things, and so we did. We got educations or training, worked in various jobs and careers, travelled and saw the world, had relationships, had kids and raised them, joined churches, community organisations, social and political movements, did volunteer work and a whole heap of other things - in short we just got on with our lives, and participated in the world, to the best of our abilities – and frequently beyond them.

And yes, it did come at a enormous cost – massive confusion, anxiety and stress, frequent meltdowns or shutdowns, depression, self-hatred and low self-esteem, often leading to physical illnesses or even suicide attempts, not to mention suffering the frequent anger, rejection, ridicule, derision, bullying, abuse, exploitation, etc of others, without having the slightest idea why we were being so harshly treated, or what was ‘wrong’ with us.

BUT. (And it’s a big BUT.) But we also achieved much, learnt much, accumulated a great deal of experience - and came to understand ourselves a lot better, and to know exactly what our real capabilities are. We know that we can do much more than autistics are ‘supposed’ to be able to – because we’ve done it! (And when people try to claim that “proves” we “can’t be” autistic after all, we can only roll our eyes.)

Yes, I know it’s easier said than done – and that at least some young autistics don’t do anything much because they simply don’t know how, or where to begin. Ignorance of the world and how it works is a huge problem for young autistics. I remember it was for me. So here’s a possible plan of action for them.

1) Accept your autism. Embrace it. You might as well, because you can’t get rid of it. [Don’t hope for a ‘cure’. Those working on ‘curing’ us are either a) working on methods to suppress all outward signs of our ‘deficiency’ – meaning they want to force us to hide who we are – or b) working on ways to eliminate us before we’re even born.] Find your true peers, ie other autistics, and you will begin to see in them the beauty that is also within you. We have problems, yes, but we also have great strengths. Develop them, use them, grow into the fullness of your true autistic self.

2) Know yourself. Know your personality, how your autism manifests, what you are as well as being autistic. Many young autistics (including me when I was young) don’t really have a great deal of self-awareness, and hence can’t decide what to do with their lives. Whether online or in books, do personality tests, IQ tests, aptitude tests, ‘the right job for you’ tests, etc, etc. Scour the library and the internet, read anything that might enhance your self-knowledge. Yes, most of what you read will be NT-orientated, but that doesn’t mean there’s nothing helpful in it. Take what is relevant to you, and discard the rest. The point is to increase your self-awareness, not to dump on yourself for not being ‘normal’.

3) Work on your obstacles. Don’t let ‘autistic things’, eg a tendency to meltdowns, stop you. This is where other autistics can really help – we have a pool of knowledge that can help you figure out your triggers, recognise your warning signals, cope better, ask for accommodations or changes, etc, etc. And if one thing doesn’t work, do try another, and another, and another. Don’t just give up, and let these problems stand in the way of a fuller life. There’s a way round everything.

4) Formulate goals. Once you know yourself a bit better (and this is usually an ongoing thing), you can begin to figure out what you want to do. List what you know you can do well, or like to do – even if it’s only looking after your pet, making cakes, and playing computer games. Fancy being a baker? A vet? A computer games designer? Don’t let your imagination be limited by what you think you ‘can’t’ do, or have been told you’ll ‘never’ be able to do. Figure out ways to do it anyway – eg, if the idea of studying long years to become a vet is too daunting, what about being a vet nurse instead? A cattery or kennel assistant? Or working in a pet shop, or even as a volunteer at an animal shelter or SPCA? It could be the first step to a rewarding, fulfilling career. Go for it.

5) Find mentors. If there’s one thing I wish I’d had more of when younger, and that I wish for younger autistics, it’s people willing to guide and inform us. We are so woefully ignorant of so much, we need to be told, explicitly, of a whole bunch of stuff, and guided through it till we learn how to do it for ourselves. You will probably need more than one mentor, and to keep periodically finding new ones, as your life changes – someone for educational or career stuff, someone else you can ask ‘how do I do this’ type questions of, maybe someone else still for dating or relationship advice. Look for these mentors amongst your family and friends, your teachers, support people and school careers advisors, but also at disability resource centers, campus disability support services, social services, NGOs, religious institutions… whatever is available in your community.

6) Stretch yourself. Now and again, give your boundaries a little push. Take risks. Maybe the ‘pushing’ has to be well-prepared for, and the risks small, brief and ‘managed’ ones. But you will learn from them, and expand your capabilities. Keep doing this throughout your life – and you will surprise yourself with what you find you’re able to achieve. It will do wonders for your self-esteem, believe me.

7) Above all – be proactive. Take charge of your life – because ultimately no-one else will do it for you. (Even if they’ve done it up till now, they won’t when you’re an adult. Or they shouldn’t, not if you can learn to do it for yourself.) Yes, you will make mistakes, but don’t be too hard on yourself for them, or try to avoid them altogether. Making mistakes is human.

_________________

Don’t get me wrong – I’m not saying that it will be easy, or that changes are going to happen overnight. But it’s still worth the effort. And in case you’re still not convinced, let me list what is likely to happen to you if you continue to just sit around and complain about what you ‘can’t’ do.

a) Poverty. If you think being poor sucks at twenty, imagine still being poor at forty. Or fifty, or sixty, when your health, hearing or eyesight is deteriorating and you still can’t afford decent housing or furniture or food, and the prospect of any job has become a mirage.

b) Homelessness. This is a real risk for the poor at any age – and it’s a prospect even less attractive when you’ve got arthritis, a dodgy heart and tired, aching bones. Fancy being a bag lady, or living under a bridge?

c) Institutionalisation. Who do you think will look after you once your parents/caregivers are gone? Siblings and other relatives are often not keen on taking on that burden, financially or otherwise. If you haven’t acquired at least some measure of independence, as an alternative to being homeless, you could end up somewhere really, really horrible. Think the worst kind of old folks’ homes. Think the Judge Rotenberg Centre. Look it up – and be afraid. Be very afraid.

d) Compassion Fatigue. Put bluntly, when you are no longer young, and your life hasn’t changed any despite the best efforts of others, people get tired of trying to help. You could find yourself without any kind of support system at all. You could even end up one of those old people who die alone and friendless, in their tiny flats or apartments, and aren’t found till they’ve been dead for weeks.

e) Boredom and frustration. Doing nothing actually sucks. It’s really, really boring, especially if you do it for years on end. Even if you have a whole heap of special interests, your life may still feel constricted. You might even get so frustrated with it, you do something completely crazy that turns your life upside down, just to break the monotony. The trouble is with these sudden changes is that we’re usually totally unprepared for them, and hence they tend to rebound on us, making our lives much worse.

f) A sense of unrealised potential/life passing you by. It will also suck when you’re old and look back at your life and realise how many things you could have done and didn’t. You’ll feel like life and the years have vanished, while you did nothing, achieved nothing, were nothing. It’s a horrible, horrible feeling. Avoid it. Get off your butt and get out there, in one way or another.

I want to emphasise here than I’m not saying these things to lecture you, but because all of you are precious to me. Yes, there will still be difficulties and trials – they are part of everyone’s life – and of course some of us older auties have experienced the above too. You may endure some of them anyway, even when you’ve put in your best efforts. But it’s pretty much guaranteed that you will (especially e and f), if you don’t take charge of and do the utmost you can with your life. Even if you’re ‘lower-functioning’, and full independence may always be beyond you, nevertheless, you still need to take control of as many areas of your life as possible. Because the alternatives suck, big time. And you deserve better.

Thursday, 6 March 2014

About That Aspie 'Superiority'



For a while now, I’ve been seeing some aspies talk about how we’re somehow ‘better’ than those not on the spectrum, more advanced, the next step in evolution, inherently superior in some way – intelligence, honesty, integrity, focus, empathy, whatever. I would like to make my position clear on this subject.

I don’t believe we are superior to those not on the spectrum. It’s tempting to think this, comforting even, when we are so often criticised or labelled ‘inferior’ in some way. And NTs have so many baffling behaviours - small talk, lack of directness, ‘woolly’ or illogical thinking, etc, etc, plus many of us have experienced the worst kind of NTs – the users and abusers, the bullies and the bitches, the back-stabbers and the exploiters. But there are many lovely NTs out there too, caring, kind, helpful, intelligent even, willing to listen and learn, to support us on our journeys, and to at least try to understand us – not to mention NTs have one big advantage, ie the ability to navigate social networks we can only dimly perceive, let alone weave ourselves into. And not all autistics are ‘wonderful’, or all ‘indigo children’, or beautifully empathic, etc, either. I’ve met or heard of autistics who even other autistics can’t tolerate, who are sex addicts or other unsavoury things, who really do lack any compassion or empathy for others, even those who are violent schizophrenics, psychopaths, narcissistic or borderline personality disordered. Even ‘ordinary’ aspies/auties can have their negative sides, or their bad days. We are definitely not inferior to NTs, we have our strengths, but we are not all sweetness and light either – and I don’t believe we do ourselves any favours, if we try to picture ourselves as this.

I also don’t believe we are the ‘next step in evolution’. I think this belief is based on the apparent (and I stress apparent) rise in our numbers, as well as, perhaps, a hope that there is some purpose to our existence, and our trials in life. But that doesn’t explain why at least some of those trials are NOT the result of others’ treatment of us, or their lack of understanding – for instance, our sensory difficulties, our executive dysfunction, our often severe dyspraxia, our difficulties with communication, our erratic and often uncontrollable (even by us) emotional states, our frequent lack of a sense of danger, especially as children… Evolutionary advances are all about enhancing the ability of the individual and hence the species to survive, and hopefully to flourish. None of the above traits seem to do that, as far as I can see. In fact the last of them can actually be counter-productive to survival – think of the many autistic children who drown every year, through a combination of that lack of awareness of danger, coupled with an attraction to water and ‘escape artist’ tendencies.

Also, my own experience, as well as the anecdotal evidence and others’ analyses of various historical figures, suggest that we have always been around, we just weren’t called autistic. We were at least some of the ‘lunatics’ locked up in asylums, the ‘simpletons’ kept in back rooms or minded by relatives, we died as children or young adults from abuse, assault or lack of care, or, if ‘higher-functioning’ and able to look after ourselves, were labelled ‘eccentric’ or ‘loners’, and/or found jobs and positions where our need for rigidity and order was tolerated or even encouraged, even if we weren’t especially liked. We have always been around, and unless they somehow devise a way to wipe us out, we always will be.

So, if not the next step in evolution, or superior, what do I think we are?

…HUMAN.

We are first and foremost human beings, with all the glories and the imperfections, the beauties and the blemishes, the mediocrities and the marvels, that being human entails. I don’t want us to be seen as superior or advanced. I want us to be seen as human beings, entitled to all the same rights and responsibilities and privileges and burdens as other human beings, albeit we have to exercise these rights etc in our own particular ways, and often need accommodations or adjustments in order to live life to the full.

Only by finally being seen as completely and fully human, albeit a different type of human (which we are often NOT, right now, hence my need to write that ‘Autistic Bill of Rights’ recently), will we be able to overcome the discrimination, abuse, rejection, misunderstanding, unemployment, alienation, marginalisation, etc, that is currently our usual fare, and take our rightful place in the world. We sell ourselves short, if we aim for anything less than this fully human and equal status.

Wednesday, 19 February 2014

About That Autism Research



A while back, I was talking with an aspie friend, and I was saying how I’ve become conscious I need to do more research on autism. I know my own experience with autism well, and something of those I’ve spoken to, whether online or ‘in real life’, but I really don’t feel I know that much about the broader picture of autism. So, I thought, it’s time to do some serious research. But immediately I start looking, a problem arises – where is the unbiased research about autism? So much of what’s being done by scientists, doctors and other professionals seems to take as its starting point that we are inherently flawed or substandard, and thus that any way in which we differ from NTs is an inferior or ‘pathological’ way of being, ‘proof’ of our ‘faultiness’.

To take just one example – some time ago, some researchers[*] found that when autistics and NTs were given the chance to contribute to charity, with and without observers present in the room, NTs gave far more when someone was present than when they thought they were alone, but autistics gave much the same amount regardless of whether they had company or not.

This could have been framed as an example of inherent honesty or high principles in autistics – but nooooo. Instead, a new term was coined - ‘reputation management’, which, it was decided, we were deficient in!! This, they said, was due to our lack of ‘theory of mind’. The possibility that we might very well know that others will think better of us if we contribute larger amounts to charity, but regard this as irrelevant, judging said charity on its own merits, never seems to have occurred to the researchers. That we might think ‘managing our reputation’ (ie presenting a false image of ourselves) an inherently dishonest, even unethical, thing to do also never seems to have occurred to them. Sigh. Once again, results that could have been structured as ‘autistic-positive’, or at least neutral, instead become ‘autistic-negative’.

A deeper and more worrying example is the research into the ‘causes’ of autism. It too usually seems to take as its starting point the assumption that the world is better off without us, that there is little or nothing positive that we bring to the world. Much of this research has almost ludicrous results – the list of ‘causes’ of autism that appear regularly as ‘Scientists-Have-Found-Possible-Cause-of-Autism’-type articles trumpeted in newspapers or online, includes (ta-dah) …motorway traffic, corn syrup, older mothers, older fathers, diesel fumes, Lyme disease, too much androgen, copper pipes, prematurity, low birth weight, high birth weight (contradict much?), environmental chemicals, organic foods (those last two also seem contradictory), anti-depressants, smoking during pregnancy, diabetes during pregnancy, too little oxytocin (the ‘bonding hormone’), Clomid (it’s your mother’s fault for wanting you), specific facial or finger or physical features, faulty immune system in the mother, having a big head, being a big baby (really? So how come smallest-birthweight-me has autism, but none of my bigger-brawnier-birthweight-sibs do?), being second or later-born (I’m first-born), being born close together, being a twin, being born via IVF, even being born in summer, circumcision, and the Internet… I kid you not. And this list doesn’t include the Hoary Old Standards of refrigerator mothers, vaccines, missing gut enzymes or mercury. (Do you get the feeling the scientists are kind of grasping at straws?)

Some autism research, into the genetics of autism for instance, could be a good thing (eg in convincing many that we are not just ‘badly behaved’, ‘spoiled brats’, etc), but could also be used against us – most especially to develop prenatal tests that could see us become as decimated as those with Downs Syndrome are becoming – and as gays, lesbians, transsexuals, etc, might once have been, if such tests had been devised before the coming of the gay liberation movement.

But where is the research that would actually help us manage our daily lives better, cope with the world better, have fewer meltdowns and sensory overloads, etc, etc; or the research into why, for instance, some autistics can communicate verbally, and some can’t? Where are the surveys to find out just how many autistics there really are amongst the adult population? (I know of only one such, undertaken in the UK, and it has been criticised.) Where is the research that is either autistic-neutral, or autistic-positive?

Nothing less than a total re-framing of the grounds on which research is done, the assumptions behind all of it, is necessary and urgent, when it comes to autism. Anything else is likely to lead to our eventual eradication, and the destruction of our unique contributions to the world.


[*] http://www.foxnews.com/health/2011/10/11/autism-linked-with-lack-concern-for-personal-reputation-study-finds/

Wednesday, 12 February 2014

About That 'Stupid' Label...



We aspies/auties get called a lot of names, but one of the most frequent ones is stupid, or some variation of it - ‘dumb’, ‘retard[1]’, ‘dim-witted’, ‘slow’, ‘a bit thick’, etc, etc, the list is endless. Yet in practise we exhibit the full range of intelligence, and many of us who get called these things are extremely intelligent. So why do we get called ‘stupid’ so often?

I think there are many layers of reasons for this, starting with the historical.

Poor performance on IQ tests. In the past many autistics were judged low in IQ as a result of their lack of response to the tests (and possibly many still are). Other factors such as fear of the tester/test surroundings, difficulties with verbal communication, being focussed on other things, or even being in sensory overload, were not taken into account. I feel this one is slowly being overcome, as testers are now using different methods to assess us, and many of those once judged ‘low-functioning’ or ‘low IQ’ are also, with the aid of communicative technology, emerging as perfectly normal in intelligence. To the general public however, the perception is still “autistic = low in intelligence”.

Getting absorbed in our own interests or concerns. Most of us find our special interests and/or our daily organising needs far more interesting, or at least absorbing of our energies, than our social surroundings, which we can often ignore. But this can mean that people who don’t understand how our minds work, or what our needs are, can judge us to be ‘vague’, dim-witted, or ‘useless’.

Poor social skills/eye contact. If we don’t seem to notice many of the ‘little things’ others regard as important, don’t do/say the ‘polite’ things, don’t look at others, blurt out things that seem unrelated to what’s being discussed or happening, or clam up when asked questions, this can also lead others to think us unintelligent.

Auditory processing issues. Many of us, when we do listen to others, find their words can often sound garbled or ‘mashed together’, especially in noisy environments, or when several people are talking, or the speaker has their head turned away and/or speaks softly or high-pitched. It can take anywhere from a couple of seconds to several minutes to decipher what was actually said – and hence we are often slow to respond. (I’ve been called a ‘retard’ for just this reason.)

Social processing issues. When we have deciphered what’s been said, we still have to work out how to respond to it. For most of us, responses are hurriedly pulled out of a mental file of ‘Appropriate Things To Say And Do’, often with a sort of silent prayer that it’s the right one! That too can take a little while, and in the meantime, the person is waiting for a response (or more likely hasn’t waited, but has gone on talking!). If there are several people talking, we tend to get even more behind the play.

Emotional regulation issues. Our emotional responses can often be ‘inappropriate’, or even delayed, as it sometimes takes us a long time to figure out what we feel. Or we feel the emotions, but they aren’t evident in our body language. This can lead others to believe we don’t have the intelligence to properly register what’s happening around us.

Sensory processing issues. And then add on sensory overload to all the above, with background noise, smells, people moving around, visual stimulation of various kinds, and we often can’t keep up with what’s going on, or at least not until we’ve had some time alone to process everything.

Result? We can often appear considerably less than intelligent to others. (Some of them are then very surprised when we do display intelligence, especially in writing.) But even if you feel, or have been made to feel, ‘stupid’, it’s important to remember that we’re actually “not daft, but drowning”!


[1] I don’t want to get into the whole ‘retard’ debate here [eg see Ellen Seidman’s post at www.parents.com/blogs/to-the-max/2013/03/06/autism/5-things-people-dont-get-about-the-word-retard/ ], suffice to say that I agree with those who would like to see the word banned from everyday conversation.

Monday, 2 December 2013

Why I Stand In Solidarity With The 'Low-Functioning'



I’ve been trying to write about this issue for several months, approaching it from various angles, and then getting bogged down and abandoning it. And yet I feel it’s a very important and often controversial one. There are many who tell apparently ‘high-functioning’ autistic adults that they ‘cannot speak’ for all autistics, because they aren’t ‘really’ autistic, or are ‘not autistic enough’. There are those who say high-functioning autistics shouldn’t object to how the low-functioning are treated, because we ‘can’t understand’ how ‘awful’ they make life for their caregivers and families, and it’s ‘for their own good’. And so on and so forth. And these tactics often work. I have encountered aspies who refuse to identify as ‘autistic’, because, in the words of one, “I’m not autistic, because I’m intelligent”.

Well I DO identify as autistic, AND with those ‘low-functioning’, I refuse to be separated from them, and so I’ve decided I’m just going to say how I feel, in an attempt to make clear my reasons why.

Reason One - Defeating the ‘Divide and Conquer’ thing. Many autism ‘experts’, parents, etc, and their organisations, take the stance that “It’s all right for you high-functioning types, but ‘these people’ have ‘real’ problems, which can only be addressed by this drastic treatment/long hours of therapy/punitive suppression/etc/etc/etc”. What this effectively says is “We’ll leave you alone as long as you can pass for ‘normal’, and as long as you don’t protest what we’re doing to ‘those people’.” It’s an unspoken but nonetheless potent threat – but also a nonsense, because –

Reason Two - There is no clear dividing line between low and high functioning. Many autistics are able to communicate via the internet, write articles and books that get published, or advocate on behalf of their fellow autistics, but cannot communicate verbally, hold down a regular job, or live independently. Others can, but only with a great deal of support from family or social services. Even those who, like me, are fully ‘independent’, function best with help from those around them. We all have problems, are prone to break down, overload, melt down, etc, etc. None of us are ‘high-functioning’ in all areas of our lives. NONE.

Reason Three - All autistics are entitled to respect, no matter what their functioning level. Many are labelled ‘low-functioning’ because of their lack of verbal speech, but if/when they finally find a way to communicate, a perfectly functional intelligence is revealed. But even if this is not the case – if they are intellectually disabled, for instance – they are still entitled to be treated well, to have all the rights that I list in my recent ‘Bill of Rights for Autistics’, as well as any other rights that, for instance, the intellectually or physically disabled have or are campaigning for.

Reason Four - I feel more in common with them than with NTs. NTs see me ‘looking normal’, and think I ‘must’ like that, must want to be identified with them, that it’s a compliment if they tell me how ‘normal’ I seem. When actually, it’s an elaborate front I’ve evolved to cope with life, and frequently a strain to keep up. I often feel like a fake doing it, and long to reveal more of my true self. I do not identify with NTs in general, or want to. Underneath, I know I am far more like that kid rocking and flapping in the corner than any of them suspect. Underneath, I understand why he rocks and flaps – and even do it myself, when no-one’s looking. Because -

Reason Five - There is only one autism. I’ve said this before, and I’m saying it again – at the core, we are all equally autistic. The big difference between high and low functioning is not ‘how much autism we have’, but ‘how well we can pass for normal’, ie how many social, communicative and life skills we are able to learn. If scientists, doctors, etc, really want to help autistics, they should be researching why some autistics can learn these skills, learn to talk, etc, and others can’t, what part of our brains determines this.

For my part, I can only say this.

I will not be separated.

I will not be disempowered.

I will not be silenced.

I will not have my true, underlying nature denied.

I will not stop being autistic, and championing the right of EVERY autistic to BE autistic, to be free, and to be given the human rights they so desperately need.

I stand in solidarity, and I invite all autistics, low or high functioning, to stand with me.

Friday, 25 October 2013

THE AUTISTIC BILL OF RIGHTS



THE AUTISTIC BILL OF RIGHTS

by Penni Winter

It being self-evident that all autistics are human beings, we are entitled to enjoy, in full, the same rights as other human beings, including but not limited to the following –

1) The right to exist. We have the right to enter and stay in the world on the same terms as anyone else, and to not, at any stage of our existence, be subjected to any form of genetic testing, sperm or embryonic selection, abortion, murder, euthanasia or other types of genocide, solely on the grounds of our presumed or actual autism, or the alleged ‘burden’ we place on our families and caregivers.

2) The right to be our true selves. At all ages and stages of our existence, we have the right to be openly and thoroughly autistic, including the right to stim or exhibit other obviously autistic behaviour, without punitive suppression, harsh ‘treatments’ designed to ‘therapise’ our autism out of existence, or pressure to adopt a futile and taxing fa├žade of ‘normality’.

3) The right to respect. We have the right to be treated with dignity and respect at all times and in all places, regardless of our age, perceived intelligence, level of functioning, ability to communicate, or any co-existing conditions we may have; and to not be the recipient of any form of violence or abuse whatsoever.

4) The right to a positive self-identity. We have the right to reject the concept of autism as a ‘tragedy’ or ‘disease’ in need of ‘cure’, to celebrate being autistic, to define our own autistic identity, and to assert being autistic as a healthy, valid alternative way of being human, no matter our age, functioning level, etc, as above.

5) The right to independence. We have the right to enjoy as much independence as we are individually capable of, to whatever extent and in whatever manner we choose, to have all necessary supports to enable this, and to not be incarcerated against our will, except where and until when a non-autistic would be incarcerated under the same circumstances.

6) The right to gather. We have the right to associate with other autistics on our own terms, to exclude non-autistics from those gatherings if we so choose, and to develop our autistic culture, without scorn, censure, interference or ‘management’, however well-intentioned, from and by non-autistics.

7) The right to political expression. We have the right, if we so choose, to advocate for these and further rights for all autistics, and to challenge the prevailing attitudes and practises around autism, without being patronised, ignored, excluded, scorned, attacked or told we are ‘not autistic enough’, on any grounds whatsoever.

8) The right to be included. We have the right to demand inclusion, in more than token numbers, on and in all and any decision- or policy-making bodies or proceedings about the status, rights, treatment or care of autistics, both in general, and in relation to any autistic individual or individuals.
Nothing About Us, Without Us!